THE HONEY BEES ARE ESSENTIALLY WHY WE DO WHAT WE DO!
WE HAVE PROVIDED SOME ESSENTIALS COURTESY OF BEEKEEPING FOR DUMMIES
How to Determine Your Beekeeping Calendar
Clearly, a beekeeper’s calendar of activities will be different
in Vermont than in Texas. And the corresponding dates and activities can
vary depending upon actual weather conditions, elevation, and so on.
Consider this tool a “sanity check” as you and your bees progress
through the seasons.
Zone A: Short summers and long, cold winters. Average annual
temperature is between 35 degrees Fahrenheit and 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
Minimum temperatures are between 0 degrees Fahrenheit and 15 degrees
Zone B: Summers are hot, and winters can be quite cold and
extended. Average annual temperature is between 45 degrees Fahrenheit
and 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Minimum temperatures are between 15 degrees
Fahrenheit and 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Zone C: Summers are long and hot, and the winters are mild and
short. Average annual temperature is between 55 degrees Fahrenheit and
65 degrees Fahrenheit. Minimum temperatures are between 30 degrees
Fahrenheit and 35 degrees Fahrenheit.
Zone D: Warm to hot all year round. Average annual temperature
is between 65 degrees Fahrenheit and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Minimum
temperatures are between 30 degrees Fahrenheit and 40 degrees
- Determine your Beekeeping Zone. If you live
outside the United States, find the zone on the map with a temperature
range that most closely corresponds to your part of the world.
The Essentials of Beekeeping Schedules
For the new beekeeper, once a week isn’t too often to visit the
bees. Use these frequent opportunities to find out more about the bees
and their life cycles. Your first season is a time of discovery. You’ll
begin recognizing what’s normal and what’s not. You’ll also become
increasingly comfortable with manipulating the frames and working with
the bees. Beekeeping is as much an art as it is a science. Practice
How to Plan Your First Beehive Inspection
HOW TO PLAN YOUR FIRST BEEHIVE INSPECTION
The weekend has rolled around, and the weather’s great (mild, sunny,
and not much wind), so you’ve decided that you’re going to inspect your
beehive. But you can’t just dash out and tear the top off the hive. You
have to get yourself ready for this special occasion.
You need to know that bees don’t react well to bad body odor. So,
please don’t inspect your bees when you’re all sweated up after a
morning jog. Take a shower first. Brush your teeth. On the other hand,
don’t try to smell too good, either!
Avoid using colognes, perfumes, or scented hairsprays. Sweet smells can attract more attention from the bees than you want.
Be sure to remove your leather watchband before visiting
your bees. They don’t like the smell of leather or wool, and these
materials retain body odor. Removing any rings from your fingers also is
a good idea. It isn’t that bees don’t like pretty jewelry. But in the
rare event that you take a sting on your hand, you don’t want your
fingers swelling up when you’re wearing a decidedly nonexpandable ring.
Always wear your veil when you’re inspecting your hive. Doing so
keeps the bees away from your face and prevents them from getting
tangled in your hair.
If a bee ever gets under your veil, try not to panic. It
isn’t that big a deal. She’s unlikely to sting you unless you squeeze
her. Simply walk away from the hive and slip off your veil. Don’t remove
your veil at the hive, and don’t thrash around screaming and yelling.
Doing so only upsets the bees, and the neighbors will think you’ve gone
New beekeepers need to wear a long-sleeved shirt. Light colors and
smooth fabrics (like cotton) are best, because bees don’t like dark
colors, or the smell of wool or leather (material made from animals).
Using elastic, Velcro straps, or rubber bands around the cuff of each
pant leg and sleeve keeps clothing bee-tight, unless, of course, you
think you might actually like having curious bees traveling up inside
You can use gloves if you feel you absolutely must. They impair your
sense of touch and make your movements clumsy. Save your gloves for
unfavorable weather, moving colonies around, or for use during the late
summer and honey-harvesting time (when the colony’s population is large
and bees tend to be more defensive).
Lighting your smoker for beekeeping.
The smoker is the beekeeper’s best friend. Yet for many, keeping a
smoker lit can be the trickiest part of beekeeping. It doesn’t have to
be. What you’re trying to achieve is enough thick, cool smoke to last
throughout your inspection. You certainly don’t want your smoker to poop
out as soon as you’ve opened the hive.
Begin with a loosely crumpled piece of newspaper about the size of a
tennis ball. Light the paper and place it in the bottom of the smoker.
Nest it in place using your hive tool. Gently squeeze the bellows a few
times until you’re sure that the paper is burning with a flame.
Add dry matchstick-size kindling, pumping the bellows as you do. As
it ignites (you’ll hear it crackling), slowly add increasingly thicker
kindling. Ultimately, the fattest of your twigs will be about as thick
as your thumb. None of the kindling need be more than four or five
inches in length. The kindling needs to fill three quarters of the
smoker, and must be thoroughly packed from side to side. Using your hive
tool, occasionally stoke the fire. Keep pumping. When your kindling has
been burning for about 10 minutes, and embers are glowing, it’s time to
add the real fuel.
Use a fuel that burns slowly and gives off lots of smoke. The bees
really don’t care what you use, but avoid using anything synthetic or
A smoker with all the “ingredients” is ready to load with paper, kindling of various sizes, and some hemp twine.
Pack the smoker right to the top with your preferred fuel, as you
continue to gently pump the bellows. When billows of thick, cool, and
white smoke emerge, close the top. Pump the bellows a few more times.
Use a long, slow pumping method when working the bellows, rather than
short, quick puffs. Doing so produces more and thicker smoke than short
Congratulations! You’re now ready to approach the hive. Your smoker should remain lit for many hours.
Make certain the smoke coming out of the smoker is
“cool”. You don’t want to approach the hive with a smoker that is
producing a blast furnace of smoke, fire, and sparks. Place your hand in
front of the chimney as you gently work the bellows and feel the
temperature of the smoke. If it feels comfortable to you, it will to the